Does it seem unfair that men can carelessly do what they want with money when women can’t? Well, it is unfair. But women’s attitude about money has a huge impact on their financial security. Fear itself might be causing women to be less financially secure, by weakening their moxie.
In an October 2017 report, Mercer published the report Inside Employees’ Minds – Women and WealthTM. In brief, women are more worried about financial security than men, and the worry and fear de-motivates women from taking full advantage of programs intended to help them improve their finances. The report is based on a survey of 3,000 U.S. employees in late 2016.
Financial Wellbeing is Part of Workplace Wellbeing
The report asserts that financial wellbeing is “a core pillar of total well-being.” Wellbeing is not just about physical and mental health. Our ability to seek the comforts we desire, make meaningful connections with others, and achieve our financial goals are all amongst the things that make us well. New wellbeing efforts foster self-awareness about our individual goals, and a sense of self-efficacy and autonomy over our lives. These efforts imply a workplace culture of free-flowing information, respectful discourse, power sharing, and building intrinsic motivation.
In employee engagement surveys, wellbeing is often a hygiene topic. Hygiene topics are important-when-bad; things such as physical safety or sexual harassment. Hygiene topics are important to identify because the policy imperative is to not to make the topic positive, but to make them “not negative.” They need to be good enough that you can forget about them.
When employees feel that they lack control over their personal finances, they worry – at home and at work. People need to learn how to improve their finances if only to stop being distracted by them. Therefore it may be necessary for employers to express concern about the personal finances of their employees. And women and men think about their finances differently.
Women’s Financial Courage Affects Their Financial Wellbeing
The analysis shows a major difference between men and women, with men once again coming out ahead. “Whereas 62% of men scored in the medium-to-high or high range on Mercer’s Financial Wellness Index, only 41% of women scored in this range.” Why is this so? The report identified that financial courage is a major driver of financial wellbeing. Forty-nine percent of men exhibit high or medium levels of financial courage, compared to 30% of women.
Financial courage is made up of items such as attitude towards finances, time spent worrying, financial planning preferences, and a person’s self-assessment of their financial knowledge. It turns out that courage is more important than underlying knowledge, consistent with the trend that personality can be more important than IQ. Women holding modest-but-accurate self-opinions might be penalizing themselves, because confident men are taking initiative based on their bravado.
Those with low financial courage do things that cause their finances to be worse, such as avoid financial discussions to avoid embarrassment, decline investment opportunities for fear of losing money, and slip into a paralysis of inaction on their finances. By contrast, people with high financial courage engage in the flip-side of these behaviours in an upward spiral.
Getting Women to Engage in Financial Wellbeing Resources
Imagine how those who lack courage will avoid thinking about it when there is an offer to attend a financial wellbeing class or advisory session. That reduced awareness leads to reduced engagement in such programs. Mercer suggests;
“Employers have the opportunity to help their female employees break the cycle of lower financial wellness by helping them build financial courage and become more confident in engaging in their finances. Simply offering women more in the way of financial education is unlikely to have the desired impact.” (Emphasis added)
Employers hoping to set up their employees to be well-and-productive need to prioritize financial courage with targeted programming for women. So, who are the role models that women would look to while building this courage?
Women Are Building Wealth
Outside of the workplace, women are becoming more prominent investors. An article in the Economist from March 2018 noted that global wealth held by women is trending from $24 to $72 trillion between 2010 and 2020, with their percentage of global wealth growing from 28% to 32%. The growth is due to women participating more in the labour force, being better-paid, and benefitting more equally from inheritances.
Women behave differently when they invest. The Economist cites a study that finds that
“…women outperformed men in the market by one percentage point a year. The main reason, they argued, was that men were much more likely to be overconfident than women, and hence to carry out unprofitable trades.”
It’s not so much that women need to imitate men’s overconfidence, it’s that they need enough courage to take care of their wealth and then proceed with enough conscientiousness to make good decisions. Courage and conscientiousness are not contradictory traits, and it’s possible to embody both. Related to this phenomenon is that one of the first things women do when they get their hands on a bundle of money is to get rid of their money managers and start making investments by themselves.
And in the process they make different decisions about their own money.
Women Lead Socially Responsible Investing
Women are far more likely to be socially-responsible investors, with the Economist citing Morgan Stanley research noting that 84% of women (relative to 67% amongst men) are interested in social or environmental goals. Funds specializing in responsible investing note that women tend to be the trailblazers. And one of women’s criteria is to apply a gender lens.
Beyond the evidence that bias is bad for business, treating women fairly is increasingly seen as a sign that a company is diligent, responsible, and keeping apace of emerging trends. A comparison to the environmental lens is helpful. One investment fund
“…dropped Volkswagen because the carmaker scored poorly on corporate governance well before its value was hit by the revelation that it was cheating on emissions tests, [and] in future it hopes information about problems such as sexual harassment could help it spot firms with a ‘toxic’ management culture before a scandal hits the share price.”
Independent of whether “being good” is a core business goal, investors are watching for whether a company’s stock will tank because of regulatory failure, lawsuit, or customer disengagement following a public relations meltdown. Investors, too, can be concerned about hygiene topics and women investors are ahead of the curve.
Yet we can still choose to be good, for the sake of being good. Social change comes from all directions; from governments, social movements, and sometimes from investors. But usually there’s that one person who has decided there’s something wrong in their life, and it’s time to take action. That brave and conscientious person can be you.